Treatment, Prevention, and Reinsertion of Drug Users



Accessing and adhering to treatment for substance use disorders involving such drugs as alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine is a significant step towards recovery from drug addiction. Drug addiction affects many spheres of life, including family and relationships, housing, education, and employment, and it is also associated with social and economic exclusion. The society also marginalizes problem drug users, making their access to education, employment, and other social support even more difficult. These affected areas can undermine the gains persons have made while in treatment. It is, therefore, increasingly recognized that to improve treatment outcomes, prevent relapse, and ensure successful integration into society, drug addiction must not be treated in isolation. To protect problem drug users or recovering users from further social exclusion and to support them in their integration efforts, it is crucial that we provide individuals with opportunities and tools that are efficient, adequate, and acceptable both for them and for their social environment. Measures addressing such needs as housing, education, vocational, and employment are, therefore, crucial reintegration complements. Social reintegration measures aim to prevent or reverse the social exclusion of current and former persons with substance use disorders and also to facilitate the recovery process and help sustain the outcomes achieved during treatment. This course provides an overview of drug addiction, treatment modalities employed, and prevention strategies and states the approaches that should be taken to ensure social reintegration.


  • Define the following terms: drug, illegal drug use, and addiction.
  • Give examples of the effects of alcohol use, marijuana use, and cocaine use.
  • Explain the areas of the brain involved in addiction
  • Explain why addiction is a repeating cycle.
  • Identify the six stages of change by Diclimente et al.
  • Show how the bio-psychosocial model of health is used to treat persons with substance use disorders.
  • List the options for where persons with substance use disorders can go for treatment.
  • Discuss prevention strategies to avoid addiction and relapse.
  • Discuss the importance of the social integration of drug users.
  • Identify three important pillars that need to be addressed for social reintegration and the approaches that should be taken.

Target Audience: Psychologists, Social Workers, Addiction Counselors, & Licensed Professional Counselors

Content level: Beginner to intermediate

2 CE hour credits approved by NAADAC, ASWB,  & NBCC
State Board Approval
ADACBGA # 19-12-17-1212
FCB # 5387-A
OCDP BOARD # 50-29024

Course Features

  • Lectures 2
  • Quizzes 1
  • Duration 2 hours
  • Skill level Beginner to Intermediate
  • Language English
  • Students 1005
  • Certificate Yes
  • Assessments Yes
    • Lecture.1
      Treatment, Prevention, and Reinsertion of Drug Users Webinar
  • QUIZ
    • Quiz.1
      Treatment, Prevention, and Reinsertion of Drug Users 15 questions
    • Lecture.1
      Treatment, Prevention, and Reinsertion of Drug Users

Dr. Sean Leonardo Knowles is a physician at the Sandilands Rehabilitation Centre in the Department of Psychiatry. He is currently working on the Substance Abuse wards as a Registrar.
Dr. Knowles attended Temple Christian Schools during his primary and junior high school years and obtained his senior high school education from Saint Augustine’s College where he was his class valedictorian in 1994. He later earned his Bachelor of Arts degree in Biology with minors in Chemistry and Spanish in 1998 from Saint John’s University in Minnesota as a Cum Laude graduate with All-College Honors and earning a Distinction in Biology. Dr. Knowles then obtained a Master of Science degree in Mathematics & Statistics from Youngstown State University in Ohio in 2005 and was awarded the Most Outstanding Graduate Student in the Department of Mathematics & Statistics Award. In 2013, he obtained his Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) from the University of the West Indies and was presented The Dr. Mortimer Moxey Most Outstanding Performance in Community Medicine Award. Dr. Knowles was also the recipient of a 2016 British Chevening scholarship that afforded him the opportunity to complete a Master of Science Degree in Immunology of Infectious Diseases at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine in September 2017. His thesis is entitled "Understanding the Effects of Free Heme on Human Neutrophil Function." Presently, Dr. Knowles is a member of the National Council on Problem Gambling (NCPG) and recently completed the University of Minnesota – Duluth and the North American Training Institute’s Studies in Gambling Addiction: Counseling the Pathological Gambler Certification course.
In his spare time, Dr. Knowles enjoys weightlifting, kickboxing, traveling, watching thriller movies, public speaking, and mentoring young men.
Dr. Knowles’ ultimate career goal is to utilize his psychiatry, clinical medicine, mathematics, and immunology of infectious disease training and experiences by serving the public health sector of The Bahamas as a physician, health policy maker, and educator. He also aspires to become a Minister of Health in The Bahamas someday.